(chapter 4c contd.)
FIRST SAJDAH (PROSTRATION).
After the perfect qawmah the person praying should move to perform sajdah saying:-
"Allahu Akbar," putting palms downwards on the ground below the ears. The knees should be brought downwards on the ground. His fingers and toes should be pointing towards Qiblah without spreading the fingers of the hands. During prostration seven parts of the body should touch the ground:
(i) the forehead along with the tip of the nose.
(ii) both hands
(iii) both knees
(iv) the bottom surface of the toes of both feet.
In this position he should say:-
"Subhaana Rabbi yal aala"
He should say this at least 3 times or 5, 7, 9, 11 etc. times.
"Oh Allah, glory be to you, the most high."
There are some other du'as which can be read in the sajdah position.
OTHER DU'AS IN SAJDAH
i) Ali(ra) said that the Messenger of Allah(saw) used to say while doing sajdah :-
"Allah humma laka sajadtu, wabika amantu
sajada wajhiya Lillazikhalaqah'u
Wasaw-warahu fa ahsana suwarahu
Fashaq-qa sam'ahu wabasarahu
fatabara kal-lahu ahsanul khiliqeen". (Ahmad, Muslim)
"O Allah, for you I have prostrated, and in you I have faith, and unto you I have submitted, my forehead has prostrated in front of one who created it and gave shape to it and made it perfectly. Then he gave power of hearing and sight and blessed is Allah's name who is the perfect creator."
There are some other du'as which the Messenger of Allah(saw) used to say in his Sajdah but these are too long to mention here. They can be found in authentic Books of Hadith like Muslim, Ahmad, Nisai Abu Dawud etc. It is not surprising that Prophet Muhammad(saw) stayed in Ruku and Saidah for long intervals.
All of the authentically approved du'as can be said with 'Subhana Rabbi yal aala' or on their own or altogether according to the time available and capacity of the person.
In Sajdah position the worshipper is at his closest to Allah(swt).
Hence, Sajdah should be performed calmly and quietly.
JALSAH (SITTING BETWEEN TWO SAJDAH)
After performing one sajdah perfectly and calmly the person praying should raise his head from saidah saying "Allahu Akbar", bending the left foot and sitting on it while keeping the right foot propped up with its toes pointing towards the Qiblah. The palms of the hands should rest on his thighs knees. The back should should be straight so that the joints go back in place. It is sunnat to say the following du'a while sitting in between the two sajdahs :-
"Allah humma maghfirlee warhamnee wahdinee wa 'afinee warzuqnee wajburnee warfa'nee" (Abu Dawud)
"O! Allah, forgive me, and have mercy upon me, keep me on the right path, keep me healthy, provide me with halal sources of living, complete my shortcomings and make my rank high."
The worshipper can say this du'a once or as many times as he likes.
Then the person should perform the second sajdah saying, "Allahu Akbar" and repeat what he did in the first sajdah.
JALSAH - E- ISTARAHAT (SITTING FOR THE REST)
Then he should raise his head up saying 'Allahu Akbar" and sit for a short while as he did in jalsah. He does this before standing up for the second rakat.
After standing up for the second rakat he should fold his hands over his chest as he did in the first rakat and start his recitation by reading, "Bismillah…and Surah Fatihah followed by any passage or a chapter of the Holy Qur'an." Then he should complete his second rakat in be manner of the first one.
While choosing a passage or a Chapter for the recitation in the second or a subsequent rakat the worshipper should observe the order in which they occur in the Holy Qur'an. Also, each Surah or verse should be shorter than the one recited before it. Hence, longer surahs(verses) are recited before shorter ones.
After completing the last sajdah of the second rakat, the person should raise his head saying, "Allah-u-Akbar". He should sit as he sat between the consecutive sajdah, putting his left hand on his left knee and right hand on his right knee. The fist of the right hand is closed except for the index finger, which is protruded. It is protruded so that the right thumb is brought to the second division of the index finger. In this position the person should read :-
"At-tahiy-yatu lil-lahi was'salawatu wat-tay'yibatu
As-salamu 'ablayka ay-yuhan-nabiy-yu
warahma tullahi wa barakatuhu
As-salamu 'alayna wa'ala 'ibadil-la his-saliheen. "
"Ash hadu anla ilaha illal lahu wa ash hadu an-na Muhammadan
'ab-duhu wa rasuluh.''
"All compliments, all physical prayer and all monetary worship are for AIIah.
Peace be upon you, O! Prophet, and Allah's mercy and blessings.
Peace be on us and on all righteous slaves of Allah."
I bear witness that no one is worthy of worship except Allah(swt) And Muhammad(saw) is His slave and Messenger."
While reading "Ash hadu…'abduhu wa rasuluhu" a person should raise the index finger of his right hand slightly and return to its previous position after he has finished saying it.
A person praying 2 rakats only should continue to the next stage, which is 'Salat Alan-Nabi. (Dar'ud shareef)
STANDING UP FOR THIRD RAKAT
If a person is praying three or four rakats, then he should stand up after tashahud saying "Allahu Akbar" and raising his hands as he did in Takbir Tahrimah. Start his recitation with "Bismillah...and then Surah Fatihah." In the third or fourth rakat of fard prayer recitation of Fatihah is sufficient. There is no need to say another Surah. But a person praying sunnat or nafl prayer can read a Surah after Fatihah. After recitation he should continue to complete his third rakat (or fourth rakat if he is praying four).
After the completion of last rakat he should sit for tashahud as described above (as he sat after praying 2 rakats).
After Tashahud he should read Salat Alan-Nabi (Darud) as follows:-
"Allah humma sal-li 'ala Muhammadin
wa 'ala ali Muhammadin,
Kama sal-layta 'aala Ibraheema
Wa 'ala aali Ibraheema
innaka hameedum majeed." (contd)
"O Allah! send grace and honor on Muhammad(saw) and on the family and true followers of Muhammad(saw) just as you sent Grace and Honor on Ibrahim(as) and on the family and his true followers. Surely, you are praiseworthy, the Great."
…"Allah humma barik 'ala Muhammadin
wa 'ala ali Muhammadin, Kama barakta 'ala Ibraheema
Wa 'aala aali Ibraheema
Innaka hameedum majeed. "
"Oh Allah, send your blessing on Muhammad (saw) and the true followers of Muhammad (saw) just as you sent blessings on Ibrahim (as) and his true followers. Surely you are praiseworthy, the Great."